CCC #1906-1909, 2239-2240
By “common good” is to be understood the sum total of social conditions which allow people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily. The Catechism of the Catholic Church lists these “essential elements” as comprising the common good:
- The fundamental and inalienable natural rights of human persons.
- The basic common goods of society (food, clothing, health, work, education and culture, suitable information, the right to establish a family, etc.)
- The stability and security that comes with a just social order.
The Church teaches it is the duty of citizens to contribute along with the civil authorities to the good of society in a spirit of truth, justice, solidarity, and freedom. The love and service of one’s country follow from the duty of gratitude and belong to the order of charity. Submission to legitimate authorities and service of the common good require citizens to fulfill their roles in the life of the political community. Submission to authority and co-responsibility for the common good make it morally obligatory to pay taxes, to exercise the right to vote, and to defend one’s country.
Election Day is this Tuesday, November 8th.